Lublin is the most important cultural centre of Eastern Poland. It takes four hours to get here from Krakow by train. The city was competing for the title of the European Capital of Culture 2016, because it presents an idea of integration, tolerance and dialogue between cultures of the West and East. The amount of cultural festivals, galleries, theatres, places for artists is very impressive. Lublin is also a very important academic centre with two famous universities: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University and John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin (KUL). When summer ends, the city becomes filled with students. Lublin is also known for its Jewish heritage. Before World War 2 the city used to be a thriving Jewish cultural and academic centre, it even used to be called “Jewish Oxford”. As Hebrew language was widely cultivated in Lublin, it is here that one of the first printing houses in Poland featuring this language was founded in 1578. Lublin is also home to the former headquarters of the famous Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva – one of the biggest Academies of the Sages in the world.