Treblinka Nazi Camp
This is the closest Nazi Camp to Warsaw, only 1-hour drive from the city. It was second only to Auschwitz in the number of Jews killed. The complex consisted of two parts - labor camp (Treblinka I) and extermination camp (Treblinka II). The labor camp operated between 1941 and 1944 and the extermination camp in the years 1942-1943. Nowadays visitors can enter the museum with an exhibition showing a model of the complex and walk on the grounds of the former camp. On the site there is a symbolic cemetery – a huge monument with over 100 granite stones with names of the towns from which the victims were deported. Outside the camp there are remnants of railway tracks to commemorate the last journey of the prisoners.
Treblinka - Museum and Memorial
Treblinka Museum was opened in 2010. It houses a permanent exhibition that presents the history of both camps - the Treblinka II Extermination Camp and the Treblinka I Penal Labor Camp. The exhibition is complemented by exhibits discovered during archaeological research - from barbed wire to numerous personal belongings of the victims who died in the Treblinka camps. The main element of the exhibition is a model of the Death Camp. The room is equipped with a TV, which shows educational films in Polish, English, Hebrew and German. The museum contains four exhibitions. The largest of them is devoted to the Treblinka II Extermination Camp. Others present life of the civilians at the beginning of World War 2, as well as the time of the German occupation and the functioning of the Treblinka I Labor Camp. The fourth part presents matzevot, i.e. Jewish tombstones. Additionally, the museum has temporary exhibitions. Visitors can also walk on the grounds of the Treblinka II Extermination Camp. There, you can see a monument commemorating the victims of the camp. Its core is a cracked wall which is a reference to the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem, and on its top there is a finial with carved remains and blessing hands, which are a symbol taken from Jewish tombstones. In addition to the monument, on the grounds of the former Treblinka II Death Camp, stones were placed to symbolize Jewish matzevah.